Latham, K. & Williams, M. M. (2015). “Does neighborhood disorder predict recovery from mobility limitation? Findings from the Health and Retirement Study.” Advance access at Journal of Aging and Health.
Recent research highlights the importance of neighborhood disorder for recovery from mobility limitation (i.e., difficulty walking and climbing stairs). Older adults who reported higher levels of neighborhood disorder (i.e., graffiti/vandalism, vacant/deserted homes, litter, and crime) were less likely to recover from mobility limitation. However, physical activity and psychosocial factors were significant mediators, which suggests neighborhood disorder influences recovery from physical impairment via psychosocial processes and barriers to physical activity.
Reducing neighborhood disorder may enhance older residents’ psychosocial well-being and improve participation in physical activity, thus increasing recovery from mobility limitation and preventing subsequent disability.