Latham, K. (2014). Racial and educational disparities in mobility limitation among older women: What is the role of modifiable risk factors? The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Social Science. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbu028
My recent publication examines whether modifiable risk factors such as smoking status, participation in vigorous physical activity, or body mass index mediates or moderates racial and educational disparities in mobility limitation (i.e., difficulty walking or climbing stairs) among older women. Body mass index was a significant partial mediator for race and mobility limitation–suggesting that higher levels of body mass index among older Black women, relative to older White women, contributes to excess mobility impairment. Another interesting finding highlights racial variation in the effect of modifiable risk factors on mobility limitation; the benefit of vigorous physical activity for preventing mobility limitation varied by race. Physical activity among older Black women was not as advantageous for preventing mobility limitation compared with older White women.
Two recent publications highlight potential disparities among individuals with disabilities in childhood and young adulthood. Those aging with disability may experience greater socioeconomic disadvantage, poorer self-rated health, and higher levels of depressive symptoms in later life. (Clarke & Latham, 2014; Latham, 2014). Individuals with early-onset of disability often have increased barriers to socioeconomic achievement, which may lead to fewer opportunities to manage the underlying condition(s). These publications underscore the importance of viewing disability with a life course lens.
Clarke, P. J. & Latham, K. (2014). Life course health and social economic profiles of Americans aging with disability. Disability and Health Journal, 7, 1, S15-S23.
Latham, K. (2014). The “long arm” of childhood health: Linking childhood disability to late midlife mental health. Research on Aging. Advance online publication.
Dr. Kenzie Latham recently joined the Department of Sociology at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). Fall 2013 is in full swing at IUPUI, and Dr. Latham is excited to be back in the classroom and to be an IUPUI Jag!